Materials

Here you will find studies, analyses, reports on various topics in the area of prevention of violent radicalism. Various manuals and best practice instructions are also compiled and available here.

- Preventing Terrorism and Countering Violent Extremism and Radicalization that Lead to Terrorism:
A Community-Policing Approach
https://www.osce.org/atu/111438?download=true

VIOLENT RADICALISATION IN HUNGARY / Gábor Halmai
http://fundamentum.hu/sites/default/files/05-e-07.pdf

Following the Framework Decision on Combating Terrorism (2002)1 the European Commission has adopted Communications addressing the areas of Preparedness, Prevention and Response relating to counter terrorism.2 These have dealt with Critical Infrastructure Protection in the fight against Terrorism3 and the Preparedness and Consequence Management in the fight against Terrorism. 4 This document intends to add to the work on the prevention of terrorism, and it complements the Commission’s Communication on the financing of terrorist activities5 and, more recently, on explosives and firearms (subject to adoption). The aim is to look at potential reasons and factors that contribute to leading people to commit terrorist acts. (Halmai, G. (2005). Violent Radicalisation in Hungary)

 

- "Training for prison personnel in the field of preventing radicalization”
http://www.edu.int/news/Budapest_Centre_Workshop/

The Budapest Centre for Mass Atrocities Prevention organized a roundtable discussion at the Faculty of Military Sciences and Officer Training, Hungarian National University of Public Service (NUPS) within the framework of the project / 8 November 2017

 

-Poland’s Anti-Terror Law
https://www.humanrightsfirst.org/sites/default/files/Poland-Anti-Terror-Law-Brief.pdf

Since the right-wing Law and Justice Party took office in Poland after the October 25, 2015 election the Polish government has begun passing legislation that threatens the rule of law and fundamental human rights.

 

- COMMITTEE OF EXPERTS ON TERRORISM (CODEXTER)

PROFILES ON COUNTER-TERRORIST CAPACITY - POLAND
https://rm.coe.int/168064101d

Terrorism still poses a considerable threat to international peace and security. Terrorist activities have in many cases a transnational dimension and are linked to internal and interstate tensions and regional instability. No country is able to tackle terrorism alone.

 

- Aleksandra ZIÊBA

Counterterrorism Systems of Spain and Poland: Comparative Studies
http://przeglad.amu.edu.pl/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/pp-2015-3-065.pdf

This paper analyses the counter-terrorism systems in Spain and Poland. This comparative study looks at legal, institutional, and conceptual solutions. In particular, criminal legal regulations and various institutions fighting terrorism are analysed, as are the main goals and tasks of these bodies. The paper shows the scale of terrorist incidents and evolution of terrorist threats in both countries.

 

- Action-plan for preventing of radicalisation processes in direction of extremism and terrorism
http://www.vvsg.be/radicalisering/Documents/actieplan_radicalisering.pdf

- Local action-plan for preventing of radicalisation processes in direction of extremism and terrorism of the Flemish government

Transformative Approaches to VE

Violent extremism (VE) has emerged as a new buzz word over the past few years. Its manifestations range widely: from foreign fighters via terrorist attacks to increasingly public violence-condoning ideology and rhetoric. How to deal with violent extremism, and its protagonists, also emerges as a big challenge for peacebuilders and conflict transformation practitioners.

The violence-condoning ideologies and terrorizing violence of few should never eclipse the openness and non-violence of many. But it is undisputable that confronting violent extremism has become a central framework and priority, especially for policy makers at national and international government agencies. Still, it is a problematic term: easily applied against communities rather than with the aim of understanding root causes of violence. It often gets lost in the current political debates to clarify distinctions, be it between violent extremism and other forms of violence, political or social, or between violent and non-violent extremism.

At Berghof Foundation, we are primarily concerned with two issues: First, an open-minded and better understanding of the drivers of violent extremism. Second, supporting work promoting tolerance and inclusivity. We take a specific interest in the role of (peace) education, organisations and community as well as sources of resilience focusing on actors in concrete local settings and communities. https://www.berghof-foundation.org/en/featured-topics/violent-extremism-and-conflict-transformation/

 

Jiří Blažek
Anti-Radicalisation Measures in the EU

European Values Think-Tank background paper 09.03.2016
https://www.europeanvalues.net/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/Anti-Radicalisation-Measures1.pdf

Radicalisation – both political and religious – presents one of the biggest security threats for European states and their democratic systems. The following analysis focuses at ways how to tackle militant Islamism, which at present seems to be the most serious challenge especially in the Western Europe.

 

From al-Zarqawi to al-Awlaki: The Emergence of the Internet as a New Form of Violent Radical Milieu Maura Conway / Dublin City University
http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.454.5433&rep=rep1&type=pdf

Jihadis are not alone amongst violent political extremists in recognising the power of the Net however. According to the European Police Office (Europol), in their EU Terrorism Situation and Trend Report 2011, the vast majority of EU-wide terrorist attacks in 2010 were carried out by traditional separatist terrorists and not violent jihadis as some might expect.

 

MULTILATERAL PEACE OPERATIONS AND THE CHALLENGES OF TERRORISM AND VIOLENT EXTREMISM

Timo Smit / SIPRI Background Paper November 2017
https://www.sipri.org/sites/default/files/2017-11/sipribp1711.pdf

Multilateral peace operations are increasingly confronting a set of interrelated and mutually reinforcing security challenges that are relatively new to them, that do not respect borders, and that have causes and effects which cut right across the international security, peacebuilding and development agendas. Terrorism and violent extremism provide one of the most prominent examples of these ‘non-traditional’ security challenges that they are struggling to come to grips with. In recent years, United Nations missions have been the frequent target of terrorist attacks in countries such as Mali, while non-UN operations have fought against violent extremist groups in Afghanistan and Somalia. Given the prospect of peace operations in countries such as Libya, Syria and Yemen—all hotbeds of terrorism and violent extremism—this is likely to become a common, if not predominant, feature of mission areas.

 

Radicalisation as an urban issue

European Urban Knowledge Network / Background Paper
https://www.eukn.eu/fileadmin/Files/Documents/2016/EUKN_BackgroundPaper_Local_approached_against_radicalisation.pdf

After the attacks in Brussels last week, it has become clear that preventing and stopping terrorism and radicalisation requires a lot of effort. Right now, most attention is devoted to stop further acts of terrorism and bring to justice those involved in both the Brussels and Paris attacks. However, preventing radicalisation goes deeper than acting in response of fear. Preventing radicalisation is a process, not only for the short-term, but for the long-term as well. This is first and foremost an urban issue. We need to think how we can implement soft approaches, how we can reduce the breeding ground for radicalisation and how we can make cities more resilient. Besides the direct approach in stopping acts of terror, there should be a focus on the socio-economic environment in which terrorism develops. By helping people in deprived neighbourhoods to become a part of society, the risk of radicalisation diminishes. Local authorities need to cooperate with members within communities at risk, as well as with those that are able to help in bringing these parties together.

 

Prevention of radicalisation

European Urban Knowledge Network / Background Paper 20.09.2016 https://www.eukn.eu/fileadmin/Files/Policy_Labs/2016_September_20/Policy_Lab_Background_Paper__EUKN.pdf

https://www.eukn.eu/policy-labs/policy-lab-for-be-nl-fr-radicalisation/

On 20 September 2016, the EUKN organised a Policy Lab in Brussels on the prevention of radicalisation, together with several knowledge partners from France, Belgium and the Netherlands.

The main goal of the event was to get insight in developing approaches, methods and policy focused on preventing radicalisation in today’s society. More than 100 participants from a diverse range of governmental and non-governmental organisations from all three countries attended the Policy Lab. Participants took part in a variety of workshops, ranging from analysing and defining radicalisation to the training of local actors and civil servants.

The event provided various possibilities for learning and exchanging knowledge. The input gathered will support in creating new options in developing strong and resilient approaches for prevention of radicalisation, with cooperation of all levels of society as a key factor.

 

Inventory of the best practices on de-radicalisation from the different Member States of the EU

Maria Lozano / EU independent expertise
http://www.terra-net.eu/files/nice_to_know/20140722134422CVERLTdef.pdf
https://terratoolkit.eu/

TERRA is a two year Europe wide Network based prevention and learning Project funded by the European Comission , DG Home Affairs. It is carried out by Impact knowledge and Advice Centre, Amsterdam and AV11M, Madrid. This Inventory is focused in gathering the best practices on de- radicalization from the different European member states, being expanded to best practices in preventing radicalization leading to terrorism, being achieved a compilation on the most relevant public and private programmes and policies aimed at countering violent extremism and radicalization leading to terrorism.

 

Countering Violent Extremism and Youth Radicalisation: Using the European Youth Card to Promote Peaceful Communities

THE  SOCIAL  ROLE  OF  THE  YOUTH  CARD   / Report
https://rm.coe.int/countering-violent-extremism-and-youth-radicalisation-using-the-europe/168075dec4

THE  SOCIAL  ROLE  OF  THE  YOUTH  CARD  
A tool with the aim of contributing to integration of young people in the current society, - It has a high level of acceptance, - Public service more used by young people, it means a direct channel of entrance with young people as individuals, - Tool of empowerment

 

The Commonwealth Education Hub

Radicalisation and Violent Extremism / Discussion Summary
https://www.thecommonwealth-educationhub.net/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/Discussion-Summary-EducationRadicalisation1.pdf

Radicalisation and violent extremism are not contained to one country or conviction, but are issues that need to be acknowledged and addressed across the Commonwealth. On the eve of the 2015 Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) in Malta, the Education Hub launched a discussion related to critical talks to take place at CHOGM exploring the strengthening of peace efforts and countering radicalisation and violent extremism. Education has an important role to play in formulating an effective response to radicalisation, building resilience and respect, and in rehabilitation.

 

LIAISE – Local institutions against violent extremism

European Forum for Urban Security
https://efus.eu/en/topics/risks-forms-of-crime/radicalisation/liaise-project/efus/10863/ https://efus.eu/files/2018/04/Liaise-2_ANG1.pdf

Radicalisation and violent extremism need to be tackled through a strong preventative approach as well as just repressive responses, which are not sufficient on their own. A prevention policy must mobilise local partnerships for delinquency prevention and social cohesion to strengthen individual and group resilience to the risks of radicalisation. Through their proximity to citizens, their understanding of local issues and their skills in public policies for the prevention of crime and for social cohesion, local and regional authorities are strategically placed to implement actions and mobilise all local stakeholders concerned.

Between September 2014 and December 2017, the European Forum for Urban Security (Efus) led, with funding from the European Commission, the LIAISE “Local institutions against violent extremism” project for exchanging and strengthening the capacities of European local authorities for the implementation of prevention projects against violent radicalisation.

 

Nadya Radkovska

Challenges of Prevention of Radicalisation / Report
https://rm.coe.int/16806f97aa

RAN CoE Study Visit, Sofia, 16-17 January 2017

 

Conference “Youth Work against Violent Radicalisation”,

Malta, 28 - 30.11.2017
https://www.salto-youth.net/about/regionalcooperation/current/againstviolentradicalisation/conference/

In November 2017, four SALTO Resource Centres together with National Agencies of Erasmus + YiA organised an international conference gathering practitioners, policy-makers and researchers active in the field of prevention of violent radicalisation. The aim of the conference was to raise awareness about the role of youth work against violent radicalisation.

The conference covered the following objectives:

1) To explore the concept of youth radicalisation, its forms and manifestations, and how youth work can have a role in its prevention, 2) To increase participants’ understanding regarding the role of youth work in preventing violent radicalisation and in supporting young people’s resilience and empowerment, 3) To create a space for sharing inspiring practices among participants and for identifying adaptations of existing practices, 4) To strengthen the links of youth work to related fields and sectors where cooperation is useful in order to achieve more on the theme of violent radicalisation, 5) To explore support measures of Erasmus + Youth Chapter and other programmes for youth NGOs working on the theme of the conference.

 

Prevention of Juvenile Radicalisation

Manual for Professionals
https://www.oijj.org/sites/default/files/pralt_manual_en.pdf

 

Countering Radicalization in Europe

Lorenzo Vidino / James Brandon
https://icsr.info/wp-content/uploads/2012/12/ICSR-Report-Countering-Radicalization-in-Europe.pdf

A policy report published by the International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation and Political Violence (ICSR)