PROVA Projects

Denmark

Community Counteracting Radicalisation

Community Counteracting Radicalisation

Throughout Europe we can observe an increased preparedness to prevent and counteract young people´s radicalisation towards violent and militant extremism. However, in previous efforts, there seems to be skepticism about the involvement of local communities and civil society resources in the activities. The CoCoRa project therefore aims to develop a prevention strategy in close collaboration with local communities that may be targeted by violent extremists.

website:
http://cocoraproject.eu/

mail / contact: -

Mhtconsult - Community Counteracting Radicalisation (CoCoRa)

Mhtconsult - Community Counteracting Radicalisation (CoCoRa)

Mhtconsult is the coordinating organisation behind the CoCoRa project. The project is co-financed by the EU-Commission, within the Erasmus+ Programme for Youth activities 2015-17. Mhtconsult is a private and independent research and development organisation, founded as a limited company. The background and rationale of the CoCoRa project and prevention concept: All over Europe we see: An increased focus on political-religious radicalisation oriented towards Daesh in the wake of the Syria civil war; An increased preparedness to prevent and counteract young people´s political-religious radicalisation, violent/militant extremism and terrorism; A variety of prevention and intervention strategies launched to respond to these phenomena throughout Europe; Most efforts aimed at strengthening the professional resources – frontline workers/practitioners as well as researchers and intelligence services etc. But despite all these effort: We still seem to witness an increasing number of radicalized youngsters, turning their heads and resources towards political-religious movements against Western-democratic societies; Civil societies and local communities are rarely an integrated part of the prevention strategies. On this background, the overall aims for the CoCoRa projects are to: To contribute to a new community-based and coproductive prevention strategy against politicial-religious radicalisation and violent extremism among young people in the risk zone for radicalization. The concrete objectives are: To develop a prevention programme focused on the strengthening of young people´s empowerment and devotion to an active fellow citizenship; To involve local communities as equal partners in developing the prevention programme, utilizing inside knowledge, confidential positions and credibility; To train the young participants for an intercultural ambassadorship to engage in dialogue and coproduction with professionals in prevention activities. Thus, the CoCora project will: Empower young people exposed for political-religious radicalization to recognize and define themselves in the concept of an equal and active fellow citizenship; Strengthen the mutual insight, credibility and trust between local professionals/practitioners and local communities in order to qualify approaches and methods in united prevention efforts; Incorporate the empowerment and equality approach to the prevention strategy in order to relate the prevention efforts clearly to the perspective of an equal and active citizenship. The CoCoRa project will provide a total prevention strategy package of transferable and accessible handbooks, including the following activities and deliverables: The CoCoRa Collaborative Programme (CCP) – a concrete concept for involving local communities to collaborate and contribute to prevention efforts among young people in risk of radicalisation towards violent political-religious extremism and even terror; The CoCoRa Prevention Programme (CPP) – a concrete concept for educating and empowering young people in the risk zone to define and follow their own visions for an equal and active citizenship, built on the basic idea of the self-including citizenship; The CoCoRa Ambassador Programme (CAP) – a concrete concept for further training of young people from the preventions programme to be spokespersons and ambassadors. The young ambassador will be responsible for the communication of needs, resources and special expertise among young people in their peer group to contribute to the common prevention effort in a collaboration with local/regional prevention authorities and professionals – thus building a sustainable bridge for a preventive strategy taking the resources of local communities into account. Thus, the basis idea is to combine the radicalization preventive perspective with an empowerment approach and knowledge input and exercises focusing on the potentials for overcoming the experience of alienation, exclusion, lack of equal treatment and even direct discrimination. The key word for this empowerment and new orientation process is our new concept of self-including citizenship, connoting the process of practicing a positive and active citizenship, even though one still may be met by negative presumptions and prejudices.

Website
http://www.mhtconsult.dk/

E-mail / Contact / telephone
mht@mhtconsult.dk

(+45) 51204858

Karlsgårdsvej 11,
DK-3000 Elsinore, Denmark

PSP-network (PSP = Police, Social Services and Psychiatry)

PSP-network (PSP = Police, Social Services and Psychiatry)

The Danish effort in preventing radicalisation and violent extremism (CVE) is primarily organized in the SSP-network. The goal of the SSPnetwork is to prevent criminal activity and behaviour among youngsters. The network consists of members of the social services, schools and police. In 2009 the initial SSP-network was by law supplemented with the PSP-network. PSP is comprised of the local Police (P), Social Services/social psychiatry (S) and Psychiatry (P) and has its target group on vulnerable people with a psychiatric diagnosis in risk of recurring criminal activity. The PSP-project is located within The Danish Agency for International Recruitment and Integration and is driven in close collaboration with the Ministry for Immigration, Integration and Housing, Ministry of Health and The Danish Security and Intelligence Services. The project is thus a governmental initiative but offered to the key organisations in the Danish local crime-prevention network. The PSP-project is also government funded and the participants don’t pay a tuition fee to participate. The included organisations aren’t compensated for sending their employees to attend the two-day course. Tailor made training course for the PSP-network The overall and primary goal of the project is to reduce potential radicalisation among vulnerable people with psychiatric and/or mental diagnosis in Denmark. It is difficult to measure as to whether the tailor-made course is sole responsible for a given effect in reducing the number of people in risk of radicalisation. Recognizing this difficulty the project is working with three secondary goals for the training course for key PSP-members. First, the aim of the tailor-made two-day training course is to raise the awareness of radicalisation among key members of the PSP-network as well as to give them knowledge of radicalisation as a social, psychological and political phenomenon. Second, the course aims at giving the participants knowledge of the Danish strategy and methods in preventing radicalisation in general as well as among mentally vulnerable people. Last, the course aims at giving the participants knowledge of the standard-operating-procedure in organisation and communication confronted with a concern of possible radicalisation.

Website
http://socialstyrelsen.dk/

E-mail / Contact / telephone
Kristian Walther,
The National Board of Social Services
krwa@socialstyrelsen.dk
(+45) 91370227

The National Board of Social Services
Landemærket 9 1119
Copenhagen K

PET’ Centre for Prevention - Police Intelligence Service

PET’ Centre for Prevention - Police Intelligence Service

In its role as national security authority, the Danish Security and Intelligence Service (PET) is responsible for identifying, preventing and countering threats to freedom, democracy and safety in the Danish society. This applies to threats in Denmark, as well as threats targeted at Danish nationals and Danish interests abroad. PET’s Centre for Prevention is responsible for preventing threats emanating from radicalisation and violent extremism, including disengagement and critical aftercare services as described in this document. For national security-related reasons, PET is paying great attention to individuals returning to Denmark from international war zones like Syria or Iraq. As a part of our broader range of preventive efforts PET coordinates and collaborates with the police and the municipality to re-establish their ties to the Danish society. As part of the Danish Preventive Model for countering radicalisation and violent extremism, PET facilitates, supports and coordinates the activities related to the National Critical Aftercare. Though the practice applies to all individuals on a path toward violent extremism, it has been tailored toward Danish foreign fighters. By training and cooperating with authorities within the Danish crime preventive structures, PET are working closely with the National Police, Social services, Prison and Probation Service and the psychiatric system, supporting a local preventive approach to Foreign Fighters. The aim is to reduce the risk from returning foreign fighters who may have acquired the will and capacity to carry out terror-related offenses in Denmark, including acts of violence, as a consequence of newly adopted networks, abilities to handle weapons and, not least, traumas resulting from their experiences and actions in Syria, Iraq or elsewhere. The particular practice of Disengagement and Critical Aftercare is comprised of two closely coordinated sets of activities that are aimed at pulling foreign fighters away from a path of violent extremism: Disengagement-talks initiated by PET or specially trained police officers in the police districts; Capacity building and advising critical aftercare centers at municipal level, including on casework. In order to minimize the threat of attacks committed by violent extremists, the Centre for Prevention initiates disengagement talks and assists the provision of critical aftercare services that are anchored in the national police districts (called Info houses) and supported by the local municipalities.

Website
http://www.pet.dk

E-mail / Contact / telephone

pet@pet.dk

(+45) 45150190

Danish Centre for Prevention of Extremism P.O. Box 2000 2300 Copenhagen S

Danish National Corps of Mentors and Parent Coaches

Danish National Corps of Mentors and Parent Coaches

Field of work / Short description / Aims The National Corps of Mentors and Parent Coaches has been initiated and is led by the Danish Centre for Prevention of Extremism and its partners; i.e. private companies which assist in delivering training, evaluation etc. However, the local governments and their staff, who have committed themselves to the corps, are the most essential component. They are responsible for initiating mentor and parent coaching efforts directly with citizens, and they do so on a legal and financial basis, which regulates local governments and social work in a broader sense. Denmark has established a national corps of mentors and parent coaches to work with persons in extremist groups or at risk of radicalisation, as well as with their parents and relatives. The aim is to assist the at-risk persons in steering clear of problematic behaviour related to extremism. Some 100 professionals from 22 municipalities across Denmark have received training in the programme method, Solution-Focused Work on Life Skills. The method, in brief, is as follows: Life psychology, including e.g. ‘the wheel of competences’ is used to help understand the individual’s situation, personally and socially, including a range of risk and protective factors. The Solution-Focused Approach is the communicative and relationship-building strategy towards the person in question. Balanced Risk Assessment, which is inspired by Signs of Safety®, serves as the overall tool for assessing concerns, resources, progress etc. In order to ensure a continued qualified corps of mentors and parent coaches, new members are expected to be recruited and trained in 2017. The members also participate in networking activities and specialised training, e.g. on different types of extremist ideologies and groups, or on practising the method. All participating local governments have agreed to lend mentors or parent coaches to other local governments where there is a need, and where it is practicable. When the mentors and parent coaches are working with concrete cases they apply the assessment forms, do the registration etc. on a common IT-platform, www.tilværelsesmestring.dk, a closed site developed for this purpose.

Website
http://www.stopextremism.dk

E-mail / Contact / telephone

 

ekstremisme@siri.dk

+ 45 72142844 or
+ 45 72142000

Danish Centre for Prevention of Extremism
P.O. Box 2000 2300 Copenhagen

Train-the-trainer: awareness training and resource persons by the National security unit and the Danish Security and Intelligence Service.

Train-the-trainer: awareness training and resource persons by the National security unit and the Danish Security and Intelligence Service.

In each of the 98 institutions in Denmark there are designated ‘resource persons’ who have undergone specialised training by the national security unit and the Danish Security and Intelligence Service. The resource persons are tasked with providing awareness training for staff locally and ensuring close support and sparring in the identification, assessment and tackling of extremism issues. This addresses the problem of under-/over reporting of extremism concerns and the issues around handling violent extremists in a prison environment or on probation. Training for resource persons is an initial 2-5 day course with a 1-2 day follow-up training session twice a year. (estimated cost: €30 000). Training given by experts from different authorities and universities.

The awareness training is a 1.5-hour event held in conjunction with regular staff meetings to keep costs at a minimum and is based on a PowerPoint slideshow. The train-the-trainers and locally appointed resource persons concept aims to build trust and confidence locally. It can be stressful for individual staff member if they feel ‘alone’ with their concerns and acting on them. The training provides awareness and guidance – and introduces a collective understanding and vocabulary. Additionally, it provides for a cross-professional, local assessment of a concern, which greatly helps the national security unit in handling and assessing cases of concern. The training focuses on all levels of radicalisation – from minor concerns to dealing with convicted terrorist offenders. The awareness training has been used for a decade, but the concept of resource persons was introduced in October 2016. The training combines cultural sensitivity, human rights, intelligence, case studies, psychology, sociology and procedural guidance. The beneficiaries of the training sessions are prison guards, social workers, management, staff – all employees.

Website
http://www.dignityinstitute.org

E-mail / Contact / telephone
morten.hjornholm@kriminalforsorgen.dk

Dignity institute - Psychological treatment programme for youths at risk of radicalisation and violent extremism

Dignity institute - Psychological treatment programme for youths at risk of radicalisation and violent extremism

The first aim of this treatment programme is to offer psychological support to vulnerable and marginalised young people at risk of radicalisation and violent extremism. The second aim is to generate new knowledge for early intervention and prevention programmes.

Dignity’s psychological treatment programme is built upon respected concepts of cognitive-behavioural treatment (CBT) (e.g. motivational therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy, and prolonged exposure therapy). The target audience are vulnerable and marginalised young people aged 18-34 at risk of radicalisation and violent extremism. Dignity is a Danish human rights institute, which brings together treatment, research, international development work and advocacy under one roof. We are represented in more than 20 countries where we cooperate with local partner organisations to fight torture and help torture victims and their families have a better life. DIGNITY is specialised in the rehabilitation of traumatised individuals who have experienced organised violence and torture, and is recognised by The Danish National Board of Health as the country’s specialist centre for the treatment of severely traumatised refugees and torture survivors.

Website
http://www.dignityinstitute.org

E-mail / Contact / telephone

skh@dignityinstitute.dk

+4533760677

Dignity - Danish Institute against torture Bryggervangen
55, 2100 Copenhagen

Prevention of Radicalisation and Discrimination in Aarhus

Prevention of Radicalisation and Discrimination in Aarhus

A multi-agency intervention in collaboration between Aarhus Municipality and The East Jutland Police. External partners are University of Aarhus, Ministry of Social Affairs and The Danish Intelligence and Security Service. As such it is a local practice in Aarhus Municipality and the East Jutland Police District, but tax-funded and therefore governmental. It is not funded by the European Commission. Intervention consist of two areas of intervention: General population: Raising awareness to professionals and the public. Achieved via presentations and workshops for professionals and teaching institutions Collaboration with local communities. Respectful and assertive dialogue with mosques, cultural societies and other major players in local communities Individuals: First-line staff of the Task Force performs risk evaluation of individuals and groups; Advising professional staff on how to deal with cases concerning radicalisation; Advising individuals and next of kin in cases concerning radicalisation; Mentoring for persons, who are at risk of radicalisation or are involved with violent extremism; Contingency for foreign fighters and their families.

Website
http://www.aarhus.dk/

E-mail / Contact / telephone
Steffen Saigusa Nielsen,
SNI023@politi.dk
(+45) 2920 3650

Signe Reichenbach, ph.
sigre@aarhus.dk

(+45) 8940 3117

Back on Track - Ministry of Social Affairs and Integration Department of the Prison and Probation Service

Back on Track - Ministry of Social Affairs and Integration Department of the Prison and Probation Service

“Deradicalisation – Back on track” (BOT) was designed to target the growing number of inmates in Danish prisons that are sentenced for terrorism offenses and pose a threat of fuelling in-prison radicalisation and recruitment. BOT is the second EU-financed project by the Danish Ministry of Social Affairs and Integration in cooperation with the Department of the Prison and Probation Service. As was the case with the first project, the 2009 „Deradicalisation - Targeted Intervention“ (DTI) pilot, BOT is designed as a personal mentoring scheme and follows the Danish tradition of local inter-agency co-operation between schools, police, municipalities and social services. Hence, the DTI cooperated on a local level with the Danish Security and Intelligence Service, East Jutland Police and the Municipalities of Copenhagen and Aarhus. BOT’s main activity is the training and coaching of mentors who then work with their clients – inmates who have committed offenses out of extremist or terrorist motivation. However, BOT defines extremism in a broad sense, including all sorts of – rightwing, left, religious or other – violent extremism and most importantly explicitly referring to hate crime (based on perceived ethnicity, political/ religious persuasion, or sexual orientation). Moreover, following a preventive social work perspective, BOT also addresses prisoners who are not sentenced for extremist offenses but are deemed vulnerable to radicalisation. The mentors and mentor coaches come from a wide array of professional back grounds, such as social workers, prison staff and police, as well as lawyers or football stadium guards. They have primarily been recruited from the existing mentor pool of the Danish Prison and Probation Service and are genuinely motivated “relational workers” in the sense of youth well-fare services. In methodological terms, BOT strengthens their mentees skills in dialogue techniques, coping strategies for every-day life, and conflict management. The tailor-made mentorships are designed to accommodate the client’s personal situation, assets, risks and social background. A particularly promising aspect of BOT may be how it is based in cross-sectorial cooperation and integrates family and community networks into the mentorship. Plans for the future include the objective to further mainstream the BOT approach and to continue engaging in international practice exchange.

Website
www.kriminalforsorgen.dk

E-mail / Contact / telephone
MarieLouise.Jorgensen@kriminalforsorgen.dk